DISPLAY

Send output to a device or file

WTSupported in traditional Synergy on Windows
WNSupported in Synergy .NET on Windows
USupported on UNIX
VSupported on OpenVMS
DISPLAY(channel, item[, …]) [[error_list]]

Arguments

channel

The channel of the output device or file. (n)

item

One or more of the following items separated by commas:

See Terminal‑independent screen function commands for a description of each terminal screen function.

error_list

(optional) An I/O error list. If any one of the specified errors occurs as part of the DISPLAY, control is transferred to the associated label.

Discussion

The DISPLAY statement sends character‑oriented output to valid output devices or files through a specified channel.

The elements of item are processed in the order that they are specified. If item is an alpha expression, the resulting text is directly transmitted to the output device.

If item is a numeric expression, the value’s corresponding ASCII character is transmitted. Appendix B: ASCII Character Set lists all the ASCII characters and their corresponding codes. If the result of item is greater than 256, it is divided by 256, and the ASCII character associated with the remainder is transmitted. For example, the result 321 is divided by 256, with a remainder of 65, and the corresponding ASCII character “A” is sent to the output device or file.

You can additionally use the DISPLAY statement to control terminal screens. Depending on the terminal on which you are operating, special functions, such as clearing CRT screens and positioning cursors, are performed by transmitting multiple‑character function sequences.

Synergy DBL provides terminal‑independent screen function commands to eliminate hard‑coding terminal‑dependent screen functions in DISPLAY statements.

On OpenVMS, performing an OPEN to the terminal, where terminal output is redirected to a disk file, results in separate records for each DISPLAY statement. On other operating systems, Synergy DBL concatenates all such data in the file.

Terminal‑independent screen function commands

(traditional Synergy only) The screen functions described in this section are based on the ANSI terminal standard. Some terminals may not use these functions or may use them differently from how they are documented here. See Synergy DBL and the UNIX terminal database in the “UNIX Development” chapter of your Professional Series Portability Guide to find out what functions your terminal supports.

$SCR_POS (row, column)

row

An expression representing the row to which to position the cursor. (n)

column

An expression representing the column to which to position the cursor. (n)

$SCR_POS resets the absolute position of the cursor. If either row or column is not in the range
1–255, the cursor is not moved, and no warning or error occurs.

$SCR_CLR(function)

function

One of the following options:

SCREEN

Clear the entire screen.

EOL

Clear from the current position to the end of the line.

EOS

Clear from the current position to the end of the screen.

LINE

Clear the current line.

BOL

Clear from the beginning of the line to the current position.

BOS

Clear from the beginning of the screen to the current position.

$SCR_CLR clears a specific portion of the screen.

$SCR_MOV(row_change, col_change)

row_change

The number of rows to move and the direction of movement. A negative value indicates movement up the screen; and a positive value indicates movement down the screen. (n)

col_change

The number of columns to move and the direction of movement. A negative value indicates movement to the left in the current row; and a positive value indicates movement to the right in the current row. (n)

$SCR_MOV moves the cursor relative to the current position. If one of the values is zero, the cursor does not move in that direction. If both values are zero, the cursor does not move.

$SCR_ATT(function[, …])

function

One or more of the following options separated by commas:

CLEAR

Turn off (clear) all attributes.

BOLD

Turn on bolding.

UNDER

Turn on underlining.

BLINK

Turn on blinking.

REVERSE

Turn on reverse video.

GON

Turn on graphics.

GOFF

Turn off graphics.

SAVE

Save current attributes. (UNIX, OpenVMS only)

RESTORE

Restore attributes from last SAVE. (UNIX, OpenVMS only)

$SCR_ATT modifies one or more defined screen attributes.

See Synergy DBL and the UNIX terminal database in the “UNIX Development” chapter of your Professional Series Portability Guide to check if your terminal supports the SAVE and RESTORE options.

Multiple attribute functions are processed in the order they are presented in the $SCR_ATT command.

Note

Once an attribute is set, it remains in effect until it is cleared. You can’t clear individual screen attributes; you must clear all the attributes and then reset the ones you want.

See also

Examples

Assuming TTCHN is the channel number associated with the terminal, the following example

display(TTCHN, "Enter option:  ")

sends this message to the terminal:

Enter option:

No other characters are transmitted.

In the following example, if ernum is a decimal expression and ermsg is an alpha array of error messages, this statement sends the error message associated with ernum to the specified channel. The error message is preceded by a bell character (7).

display(TTCHN, 7, "Error:  ", ermsg(%ernum))

The example below first clears the entire screen, positions the cursor to row 15 and column 30, and displays the following message:

This is a test.

It then clears all screen attributes, sets the bolding and blinking ­attributes, positions the cursor to row 1 and column 1, and displays the message

Sorting …

display(TTCHN, $SCR_CLR(screen), $SCR_POS(15, 30), "This is a test.")
display(TTCHN, $SCR_ATT(clear, bold, blink), $SCR_POS(1, 1), 
  &     "Sorting ...")